Year 2 Curriculum
Children in Class 2 take part in mathematics lessons every day. Problem solving and measuring offer a chance for them to draw upon experiences outside the classroom. They also provide links between mathematics and other subjects. Maths themed weeks in school also provide valuable experiences for pupils to use their skills through baking, science and learning outside.
In Class 2 the children develop counting skills, begin to describe and explain patterns and relationships involving numbers and shapes, and record their findings. They extend their knowledge in calculating through addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Home learning gives children opportunities to practise and extend the skills that they have been taught.
Below are the some of the Statutory requirements that most pupils are expected to achieve in Class 2;
- count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
- recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
- compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
- read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
- solve problems with addition and subtraction by using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
- recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100
- add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
a two-digit number and ones, a two-digit number and tens, two two-digit numbers, adding three one-digit numbers
- recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
- solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts
- recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set ofobjects or quantity
- choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
- recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
- solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of
money, including giving change
- tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
- identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
- identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
- use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti- clockwise).
- interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables
- ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity
- ask and answer questions about totaling and comparing categorical data
In Class 2 the children are encouraged through reading, writing and speaking and listening activities to explore a range of texts and media.
Phonics is taught daily for 30 minutes to develop reading and spelling skills. In addition children practise their reading strategies in whole class sessions, small guided group reading sessions and individual reading. In Class 2 reading comprehension is taught and pupils are encouraged to talk about characters in stories, the main events, predict future events, explain the features of information texts and explain how the writer has used vocabulary to interest the reader.
Children write in a range of genres. They write their own traditional tale with a twist, a sequel story in the style of a famous author, sets of instructions for others to follow, letters, reports, poems with patterned language, descriptive poetry and information texts. The children are taught to identify and use the different sentence types and punctuation; statement, command, question and exclamation. Emphasis is placed upon adding more detail to writing through the use of adjectives, adverbs and a range of sentence openers. Sentence structures are worked on so that the children use both simple and compound sentences (linking two sentences together). Handwriting is taught and children are encouraged to join when their letters are correctly and clearly formed.
Spelling activities are completed as part of phonics sessions each day. There are additional spelling sessions to explore spelling rules including adding suffixes in the form of ‘ed’, ‘ing’, ‘er’, ‘est’, ‘ment’ ‘less’ ‘ness’ ‘ful’ ‘ly’ and ‘tion’ endings, plurals and compound words. The children will also learn how to use contractions (didn’t, shouldn’t, he’s) the possessive apostrophe (Paul’s, Sally’s) and homophones (blue, blew, see, sea, there, their).
In Class 2 children are encouraged to pursue their questions about the world around them and explore the areas of life processes and living things, physical processes, and materials and their properties. They are encouraged to develop their skills of careful observation, prediction, asking questions, simple measurement and recording, and to acquire new factual information and use materials and simple instruments confidently. Science is as hands on as possible where the children carry out investigations through developing fair tests. They are supported to use the correct scientific vocabulary and draw logical conclusions enabling them to appreciate the important role science plays in everyday life. Over the year they examine materials, their properties and how they change after heating and cooling; they make simple circuits, discuss electrical safety around the home; discover forces around them including friction and gravity and their effects on moving objects; establish what makes a healthy lifestyle including the effects of exercise on the body and eating a balanced diet; discover and compare animal habitats, lifecycles and variation between plants and animals.
Within Religious Education the children are involved in discussion, storytelling and written work. Artwork, music and drama can all be vehicles to learn in Religious Education. They explore a range of religious stories, which will enable them to gain insight into the different celebrations, worship and rituals that exist, and how these affect their lives. Christianity and Judaism are the religions focussed on.
Units include; Belonging; Symbols of Light linked to Christmas; Celebrating Easter and Places of Worship including the Church and Synagogue. Class assemblies focus on a religious or moral theme.
Children have the opportunity to develop their co-ordination, control, manipulation and movement. A balanced programme of activities using games, dance and gymnastics is adopted, through which the children are taught the knowledge and skills. Fundamental ball skills are taught through different invasion games (both kicking and throwing) are taught to develop their skills in the roles of the attacker and defender. They are encouraged to modify team games to make them more challenging. Sending and receiving skills are developed and racket skills are practised. In dance links with other subjects are made to provide different stimuli. Children develop their creativity in movement and learn to appreciate different styles of dance. They work copy, develop and work collaboratively to develop dance phrases. In Gymnastics the children travel in different ways and develop their control and strength through holding a range of shapes with their bodies. They plan and modify sequences by themselves and with others and move over apparatus in different ways.
Art and Design
Through the art curriculum in Class 2 the children engage in wide range of art activities developing a range of skills and techniques through the use of artistic media, such as painting, textiles, drawing and collage. Specific techniques and skills are taught in a Printing unit. They are encouraged to develop an appreciation of the “visual” world around them, and be encouraged to look closely at their environment, while developing their creative skills. They develop language skills and the ability to express opinions in relation to their own work and those of others. Art and design is planned to link closely to other topics taught including History, Geography and Religious Education units. Arts’ week give children opportunities to use different media such as clay and other materials to explore 3d sculpture.
In Class 2 children develop their computer skills through the following topics; controlling and programming on and off screen; testing simple computer games; taking and editing photographs; researching and communicating information from the internet; collecting, recording and presenting data. Most units are linked to other curriculum areas. E-safety issues are referred throughout the year so that the children use the computers responsibly and keep themselves safe when on line. Where possible links are made to other subjects and ICT is used across the curriculum. In Literacy, work is sometimes word-processed and in Science the children get the opportunity to use the data loggers to record temperatures and sound and light readings and historical events are presented through simple animations.
In Class 2 Design Technology is often related to different areas of the curriculum so that the children have a reason to plan and make a product. The stages that the children go through in a unit are; investigating and evaluating a range of familiar products; focused practical tasks that develop a range of techniques, skills, processes and knowledge and design and make assignments using a range of materials and items that can be put together to make products and textiles. The children explore how wheel and axles work in making a vehicle. They look at joining techniques and develop their sewing skills in making a puppet linked to a story studied in Literacy. A simple paper pattern is used and they are encouraged to think about the aesthetics of the puppet through adding embellishments. They also develop their food technology skills through planning and making a healthy snack. Hygiene and presentation skills are taught through this unit.
In Class 2 the children complete a unit developing their locational knowledge including naming four counties and cities in the UK, continents of the world and the oceans. They also discover a contrasting locality to where they live situated in the United Kingdom (The Scottish Island of Coll) and later in the year study a non-European place Tocuaro in Mexico. They use a range of maps, create simple maps with a key, identify human and physical features of a place, plan routes and use compass points to give directions.
Children develop an awareness of the past, through putting events in order and they look at the similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They understand ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented. The children study events beyond living memory including the Gunpowder Plot and the Great Fire of London. They also look at the lives of significant people in the past such as Guy Fawkes, Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole. Remembrance and the significance of the poppy is also studied and linked with art.
Children learn how to use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants. They explore duration, pitch and dynamics through singing and by playing unturned and tuned instruments. They have opportunities to listen to a range of high-quality live and recorded music in different subject areas including dance. They also develop their composing skills using symbols and building layers of sounds using paper methods and compose on the computer.
Personal, social and health education is taught in discrete sessions and is linked with other subjects across the curriculum. The children learn to set themselves realistic personal and learning targets, they discover different learning styles, consider and develop their understanding of their own feelings and those of others and practise peaceful problem solving and calming down techniques. Bullying awareness is covered through national anti-bullying week and activities completed to develop understanding. They also learn about fire, water and sun safety, stranger danger and safety around medicines is covered within Science sessions. ECO issues are taught through the year through themed weeks. Promoting British Values are promoted through the curriculum and in P.S.H.E these are focused on through work on understanding Rights and Responsibilities.
For further information on any of the above please speak with your child’s class teacher.