There are seven areas within the Foundation Stage Curriculum consisting of three prime areas and four specific areas and these are set out below. Children will be working to meet Early Learning Goals in each of these areas. The prime areas are the knowledge and skills, which lay the foundations for all future learning and progress. These are reinforced by the specific areas. The children will access the curriculum through child initiated activities as well as adult led focus activities.
The Areas of Learning and Development
Within the Early Years Foundation Stage there are seven areas of learning and development. All areas are important and complement each other.
The prime areas are:
Communication and Language
This involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations. Throughout the year children are given opportunities to develop their attention and understanding along with speaking and listening skills through paired and group work. Children enjoy performing for classes and the community on a number of occasions through the year. The classroom environment gives children opportunities to engage with others such as the role-play areas such the Vets in Spring Term 2. This also develops their vocabulary and allows them to use language to imagine and recreate roles and experience in play situations.
Children must be able to understand the importance of physical activity, and make healthy choices in relation to food. Providing opportunities for them to be active and interactive and develop their co-ordination, control and movement. Children enjoy learning about themselves and their bodies during the topic ‘All About Me’ in Autumn Term 1. Over the year the children develop their physical skills through weekly Physical Development sessions, this includes dance, gymnastics and games. The children enjoy using equipment and developing their physical skills.
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
This helps children to feel good about themselves and others so that they are able to develop positive relationships and respect for others. It supports children to become interested, excited and motivated learners. To develop social skills, learn how to manage their own feelings and understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities. As a school we currently follow a PSHE scheme of work and have adopted the ‘Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning’ materials (SEAL). During Autumn Term 1 the topic All About Me is used to help the children become confident within the classroom setting and to get to know their peers. Autumn Term 2 gives children opportunity to develop their understanding and respect for others when they learn about Festivals and Celebrations.
The specific areas are:
Children will be encouraged to link sounds and letters and begin to read and write. Given access to a wide range of reading materials, children will enjoy stories books and rhymes. Opportunity for daily writing or reading sessions help children to progress quickly and become confident to apply the skills they are learning in the daily phonics sessions. The children are given opportunity each term to look at fiction and non-fiction texts, to write for a variety of purposes. For example during Summer Term 2 the class enjoy writing fact books about mini beasts.
The programme of study for the Foundation stage is set out in the EYFS Framework. Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shape, spaces and measures.
Understanding the World
We aim to guide children to make sense of their physical world and community through opportunities to explore observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment. During Summer Term 2 for example, the topic of Changes gives children opportunities to investigate and make observations about mini beasts and life cycles. This is followed with an educational visit to a butterfly house and farm to give children first hand experiences.
Expressive Arts and Design
Enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design technology. During Spring Term 1 for example, the topic of The Gingerbread Man gives children opportunity to develop their design and construction skills to make a way for the gingerbread man to escape from the fox.
For further information on any of the above please speak with your child’s class teacher.